How does "productivity" differ from "productiveness"?

In 2002, I asked Merriam-Webster the following question. Kory L. Stamper replied as follows.
Q: How do “productivity” and “productiveness” differ?

A: “Productiveness” is used specifically of the quality or state of being productive, while “productivity” means “the ability or capacity to produce.”

While “productivity” is a synonym of “productiveness,” there is a subtle distinction. “Productiveness” suggests a state already in place or a quality already present, whereas “productivity” suggests the possibility of such a state or quality coming into being.

“Productivity” also tends to have specific business applications that “productiveness” does not. The remainder of the definition in our unabridged dictionary for “productivity” reads:

a: abundance or richness in output

b: the physical output per unit of productive effort

c: the ability of land to produce a given yield of a particular crop

d: the degree of effectiveness of industrial management in utilizing the facilities for production; especially: the effectiveness in utilizing labor and equipment

I also asked this question to my friend, Chris Matthew Sciabarra. He replied as follows.
Productivity is a technical economics term; it usually means, roughly, producing goods that have exchange value. When people talk of maximizing productivity, it usually means producing lots of good quality goods and/or services.

Productiveness is broader. Ayn Rand defined it as “recognition of the fact that productive work is the process by which man’s mind sustains his life.”

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